Dictionaries and other reference materials

Here you will find quick links to online resources that you can use to do your own research into words.

Multi-language dictionaries

  • wordreference.com (En, En-Sp, Sp-En, etc.): http://www.wordreference.com/
  • en.wiktionary.org: https://en.wiktionary.org : words in many languages, including English, Spanish, Latin, and Ancient Greek (among many others); quite a good source for etymological information, especially for English

English dictionaries

English thesaurus

  • New Oxford Thesaurus Dictionary
  • Concise Oxford Thesaurus
  • Roget's 3 Superthesaurus
  • Roget's Thesaurus IV
  • Macmillan English Thesaurus Crazy Alternatives
  • Chambers Thesaurus
  • Collins Thesaurus
  • Oxford American Writer's Thesaurus
  • Merriam-Webster Collegiate® Thesaurus
  • Webster's New Dictionary of Synonyms
  • Oxford American Thesaurus

English etymology

Spanish etymology

  • Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico, by Joan Corominas (spelled Coromines in Catalan), in collaboration with José Antonio Pascual (PDF and CD-ROM versions can be found online)
  • Online Etymological Dictionary of Spanish: www.spanishetym.com

Spanish dictionaries

  • Diccionario de la Lengua Española (DLE) (antiguo Diccionario de la Real Academia, DRE), latest version: http://dle.rae.es
  • Dirae: diccionario inverso de la lengua española basado en el Diccionario de la lengua española de la Real Academia Española: http://dirae.es (use wildcards to search)

English-Spanish dictionaries

Latin-English dictionaries

Proto-Indo-European

Off-line Dictionaries

GoldenDict is a "feature-rich dictionary lookup program": software program to read electronic dictionaries, including online dictionaries. The dictionaries files must be obtained separately. Because of the nature of these files, the best way is probably to get them from someone who has already found them. Supported formats: * Lingoes .LD2 files, Babylon .BGL files, ABBYY Lingvo .LSD, .DSL, .LSA and .DAT files; StarDict files; Dictd files; Hunspell .AFF/.DIC morphology files

Other

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Sp. cariño and related words

[This entry is taken from Chapter 54, "Sp. cariño and related words", of Part II of the open-source textbook Spanish-English Cogna...