Other words for spouses and related words
- ‘groom’ and ‘bride’ on the wedding day; the plural los novios is used with the meaning ‘the bride and groom’
- ‘fiancé’ and ‘fiancée’ after the engagement; the words prometido and prometida can also be used; these are nouns derived (by conversion or zero-derivation) from the past participle of the verb prometer ‘to promise’
- ‘boyfriend’ and ‘girlfriend’ before engagement; in some countries alternatives to novio and novia have been created to refer to the informal relation of going out with another person with whom one is romantically involved; one of them is amigovio/a, an informal or colloquial blend of amigo ‘friend’ and novio/a; this word has been recently accepted into the Academy’s dictionary (DLE; 23rd edition, 2014) and, earlier in the Diccionario de americanismos (2010) because it is used in at least 3 Latin American countries. Note that some dictionaries translate this term as sex buddy and friend with benefits (Collins), as that may be the more appropriate sense in some contexts in some dialects.